Mental Health Issues
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Mental Disorders

Mental Health Issues

 

To start with let’s look at two of the most common forms of mental health issues.

Depression

Depression this can be mild to moderate and it can lead to severe depression which can take a long time to recover from and in some cases a person may never fully recover.

Most people will, through life’s journey, experience a sadness relating to a variety of upsets such as a bereavement, a partnership break-up such as divorce, feel fed-up perhaps because of a big disappointment such as not getting that promotion. But usually with time most people come to terms with their loss or sadness, disappointments and move on with their lives.

It is when depression becomes part of everyday life over a long period of time, and it begins to affect normal daily activities such as going to work, looking after the family, and taking care of ourselves to such an extent that people can no longer function normally.

What are the symptoms of depression?
These vary from person to person but the most common are:

  • Feeling sad – low mood
  • Very little energy
  • Irritability
  • Lack of concentration
  • Feeling angry
  • Getting tired more easily
  • Feel worthless
  • Feeling guilty
  • There could be a loss of interest in things that once give pleasure such as dancing, fishing, meeting up socially with friends etc.  Loss of interest in sex is another symptom.

In severe cases self-harming and suicidal thoughts are serious symptoms.

If depression has been lingering for several weeks or more it is advisable to consult your doctor who may prescribe medication and suggest seeing a  therapist to help you.
If the depression is mild to moderate self-help can work to help regain control and feel more happier and content with life.

Bipolar Disorder

This was once referred to as manic depression. It can be a life long illness.   It is a complex mental health disorder.  It is when the mood swings from low to feeling ecstatic.  The person will experience both mania and depression.  It can cause adverse effects in relationships and in the workplace.   Let’s look at both mania and depression separately.

The Symptoms:

  • Mania – being happy and excited when things are not really going well
  • Thinking up new and exciting ideas
  • Leaping from one idea to another
  • More irritable than normal
  • Cannot sleep or does not want to
  • Making rash business decisions without thinking things through
  • Thinking you are more than capable of doing things when in reality you cannot
  • Rapid talking and racing thoughts
  • Do things that normally you would not do for example:
  • Spending lots of money
  • Gambling
  • Have casual sex with different people
  • Indulge in drugs and/or alcohol
  • Depression – feeling miserable – low mood
  • Loss of energy feel tired more easily
  • A sense of hopelessness or negative feelings
  • Little or no interest in activities that are normally enjoyed
  • Loss of concentration
  • Restlessness and irritability
  • Too much sleep or not enough sleep
  • Loss of appetite or feeling more hungry than normal
  • Weight gain or weight loss
  • Thoughts of suicide, death and suicide attempts

This disorder needs medical intervention to help balance the person with mood stabilising drugs and psychotherapy.

 

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